The POEMS project identified the variation in protection order laws and approaches in the Member States as an obstacle to consistent protection in the European Union: There is reason to believe that these discrepancies could impact on the efficiency and effectiveness of the protection provided. The observation that many Member States have put an emphasis on the development of either the civil or the criminal protection orders is a concern in itself. We found that civil and criminal protection orders each function best in different situations and that they can serve different purposes. The same is true for emergency barring orders.
Our primary conclusion is therefore that both civil and criminal protection orders are needed, as well as emergency barring orders.
An extensive list of more detailed recommendations that can help increase the level of protection provided by protection orders in the Member States be found via this link